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    The Axial Age and the European Discovery of Logos: Part I

    by Ricardo Duchesne Part I | Part II was the Presocratic discovery of logos. The idea of an “Axial Age” was a boon to the ideological drive after WWII to envision the history of all cultures as a “collective” undertaking between “connected” peoples. The behavior of Germany during Second War was testimony, apparently, of what happens when an otherwise modern culture refuses to join with the world of cosmopolitanism in defense of its ethnic integrity. Germany had strayed from the course of “human history” by envisioning itself as “special people” with a unique destiny for greatness. When Karl Jaspers first articulated this idea in the late 1940s, he saw it…